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EPILEPSY PATIENT EDUCATION
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Epilepsy is a neurological condition caused by an abnormal electrical brain activity resulting in recurrent unprovoked seizures.
A seizure is a change in sensation, awareness, or behavior brought about by an electrical disturbance in the brain
Seizures usually present with either focal or generalized symptoms and often are associated with alteration of awareness or complete loss of consciousness accompanied by stiffening or jerking of extremities.
Epilepsy can result from a birth defect, head injury, brain tumor, infection, stroke and other conditions that afflict the brain. It can also be genetic in origin. The majority of patients with epilepsy have no identifiable cause.
In the US it is estimated that approximately 2.7 million people suffers from epilepsy. Approximately 65-70% of these patients are well-controlled on medical therapy. The patients who continued to have breakthrough seizures despite being tried on at least properly chosen and dosed medications are considered to have refractory epilepsy (Drug Resistant Epilepsy).
There are multiple different anti-epileptic medications available to control seizures. The patients who continued to have breakthrough seizures despite appropriate medication therapy can be sometimes a candidate for epilepsy surgery which may improve seizure outcome dramatically.
-Dr. Ahmed Sadek